Tested a bit in 7.23.3 anonymous/security off & Security on login with user role administrator:
Actually quite weird; either a bug or Mendix must provide a valid reason and how to handle instruction
The access rules set on entity user doesn't allow other users to read these values
Access rule is constraint for all users to: [id = '[%CurrentUser%]']
This can be extended (for administrator roles) using the User management option: https://docs.mendix.com/refguide/user-roles#user-management
But why do you need to display this information?
Keep the following in mind: whatever is done with the User/Account entity should always (ALWAYS) be limited to user management/login. Never mix it with your process. Thus do NOT inherit your person details, which are consumed in the process of the app, by account/User. Always use an association between the account & process entity.