Yes. If you have access to the server running the Mendix Console, you have to enable debugging.
Then copy the password provided in the console.
In the modeler, go to the debugger tab and connect to the remote server
Where I have mendix01, you would need to replace that with your server. In our instance, we use http and not https in the URL. After that you should be able to connect and add breakpoint in your microflows.