Another option to build your MDA is a windows command line tool (MxBuild.exe) that can be used to build the MDA from a mpr in a specific folder.
For details go to the modeler folder C:\Program Files\ Mendix\Mendix 7.x.y\modeler.
There you can find the MxBuild.exe file for details please run this exe on the command line via
Maybe you could combine this with
For as far as I know even the SDK works with a cloud hosted version of your application. You can create a package in the modeler, but this also uses the SVN server in it's process.
There is a 'Build API'
You could chain a 'Create Package' and a 'Download Package' maybe?
See documentation here: https://docs.mendix.com/apidocs-mxsdk/apidocs/build-api
Or you just hit F7 (or Project --> Create deployment package) in your modeller.
This created a local MDA file in your project folder \ releases.
You can select either versioned or unversioned: