No. A text box (or any widget that requires information from the database) needs to be inside of a data widget (data view, list view, etc.)
Not sure your use case, but you may be able to use the Custom String widget – https://appstore.home.mendix.com/link/app/1426/ – to retrieve and display information from the database. It hasn’t been updated in a couple of years, so may be a bit out of date. Also, if you use a lot of Custom String widgets on your page and the microflow they call requires a lot of processing, you may run into some page performance issues.